CamelCase is a writing convention in which words are combined by taking out the spacing in between and capitalizing the first letter of each word, such as CamelCase. The name is derived from the idea of the capital letters being reminiscent of humps on a camel's back. The CamelCase convention is used in computer systems in which naming requires words to be contiguous. With CamelCase, words are readily distinguished and names more easily read.
A criticism of CamelCase is that it's hard for non-native English speakers to understand where one word ends and another begins. However, the idea is that CamelCase creates a unique WikiWord that describes an idea/thought or action.